The former casting workshop had stood inside the campus for more than forty years. The historic pink brick partitions, the mottled rust device, the crane beams covered in green, and the chimney amongst them…. All of those are evoking the private reminiscences. When we walk through this these days, we’d be thrilled to realize a space photograph that we’ve never got skilled. It’s obvious that if human beings plan to make sure a protracted life of the building, this unique space ought to get replaced through a specific characteristic. Thus, the reconstruction paintings become a causal deliberating space and characteristic and its creating manner of the interactive adaptation.
The first thing that architects need to do is to keep in mind an appropriate positioning of the workshop’s new existence with the university, whether or not it ought to be derived from the passive behavior of the confined reconstruction or the energetic considering the ‘inexperienced’ idea. Besides, architects must tailor proper and precise functions for each area where people could have unique studies. In different phrases, the design system of the reconstruction no longer only creates a place for a certain feature; however extra regularly identifies present spatial functions and update new capabilities in guiding or inducing. Therefore, the start line of the general reconstruction comes from a flat approach: identity.
From campus cultural hobby center to the structure building
In the very beginning, many reconstruction cases came to our minds, such as the 798 districts in Beijing, No. Eight Bridge in Shanghai, SOHO District of New York and the Tate Museum in London. They all have first-rate new capabilities that made mediocre spaces into great ones, which became our direct examples of the initial design. Given this, the preliminary place of the workshop is a campus cultural activity center. The consideration, of direction, become based on the dearth of space for humanistic function.
However, we quickly determined that the characteristic of a cultural hobby center could not match the transparency and openness of the workshop well, due to the fact the music, sports, arts, and other additives need places in which extraordinary customers do now not intrude with every different. The immoderate separation will violate the unique purpose of ‘inexperienced’ to make use of the distance, so the design paintings went returned to the starting point – in search of a greater suitable destination for the workshop. At that point, the structure school turned into beneath the assessment of national schooling, and the professional coaching facilities have been pressing to be progressed. The open area and the clearly exposed structural info of the casting workshop will be adapted to the characteristics of architectural education, which emphasizes communication, enjoy and exercise. We without delay, realized that it’s miles a natural Architecture Building. Individual spaces during the workshop additionally have better compatibility: the upper area near the skylight, is a natural artwork school room with right light; the quiet, lower nook with adequate sunlight might be an analyzing room; the independent workshop within the south has a really perfect scale for a lecture hall with super exceptional of sight and sound. The following work became easier, that is, studying and experiencing each current space, and “checking in” the capabilities of teaching, exhibition, opinions, and experiments in a structure college constructing.
From the spatial openness to the functional openness
Undoubtedly, the open workshop with a height greater than ten meters courses the layout to arrange the functions in an extra open method. Before “checking in”, the work of adding layers to obtain more region ought to be finished. The layering scheme must be finished on the premise of structural reinforcement and under this precept: by no means block the sight, and actively create an open view with no vertical or horizontal impediment. The transparency of the vision will unavoidably create a go with the flow of light and air, and their trinity drift similarly strengthens the best of the verbal exchange space and meanwhile partly realizes the unique purpose of ‘green’. In the vertical route, to do away with the sensation of the floor, we integrate the exhibition space with the stairs. The unit-shaped exhibition platform is steadily raised up along the steps, organically connecting the peak of each stage, and diluting the experience of ‘layer’.
On the idea of the strategies mentioned above, we then arranged features in line with the characteristics of areas, achieved the “checking in”: the manufacturing line of the casting workshop commenced from the west unusual tall manufacturing unit, in which several massive pyramid hourglasses are hung, and anonymous equipment are fixed on the floor – it’s a wonderful model room with a sturdy feel of sculpture; the turning point of the workshop is darkish, however, the “cupola” provides exact ventilation conditions, so it has become a computer lab; the mezzanine area at the east face has a smaller floor peak and is separated, that’s suitable for office space. When an area has to be divided, besides for the brick wall in intense conditions, we use obvious glass, unmarried-layered U Profiled Glass, double-layered U Profiled Glass or filmed U Profiled Glass in step with the diploma of necessary closure.
From ‘Cool’ spaces to ‘Cool’ capabilities
The shape and machinery deliver a unique ecosystem of the workshop. Because of whether or not the identity of the tremendous feeling or the historic reminiscences to wake up, inside the design, we couldn’t endure to break them or even introduced new functions within the brief for their greater affordable lifestyles. In the small workshop in the east aspect, two ‘cupolas’ are inside the middle. Indoor pipelines had grown each vertically and horizontally, and the beams and columns are mottled – the small workshop looks like the ‘Hidden Cool’ artwork space, so we redesigned it as an art salon with a water bar and a pottery studio. The aspect backyard out of doors turned into used to be an out of doors conveyor with cranes. The rows of tall gantry were full of the industrial ecosystem with a pleasing experience of the region. After the reconstruction, it has become a leisure place of campus lifestyle. For the former calcining boiler, we peeled off the protective brick out of doors and the refractory brick inner, so the steel components are uncovered, followed by way of numerous stairs introduced later, which converted the backyard into an inimitable conversation space.
Also, a few unique spaces inside the workshop led us to try to create new capabilities with ecological which means. For example, we connected the tall chimney within the backyard with pipelines to indoor space and formed a non-strength-eating air flow gadget. After the challenge started out, we located a subterranean production line that runs through the interior area of the workshop, so we used it to further improve the ventilation device. The exercise is to open the indoor interface and connect it to the out of doors. In summer time, bloodless clean air is going via the underground and flows to the open indoor area, that is led with the aid of the air stress that is shaped by way of the opened roof skylight. In this way, the natural air conditioner achieves its intention of powerful cooling.
It is an unusual design enjoy. The architect’s activity is frequently to create a suitable space for a positive characteristic, however, given the present area, we have to remodel our layout thinking a bit. Nowadays, the reconstruction and usage of antique architecture are extensively valued, and the transformation of the design thinking, that is, the gap courses and changes the function, helps to formulate appropriate design strategies from the ecological factor.
Recently, the venture changed into granted the “nineteenth Asian Architectural Association Award 2017″.